On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath in the tennis court which had been built in 1686 for the use of the Versailles palace. The vote was "not to separate and to reassemble wherever necessary until the Constitution of the kingdom is established". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution. The Estates-General had been called to address the country's fiscal and agricultural crisis, but they had become bogged down in issues of representation immedi
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Jean-Sylvain Bailly. ... (Show more) See all facts and data →. Tennis Court Oath, French Serment du Jeu de Paume, (June 20, 1789), dramatic act of defiance by representatives of the nonprivileged classes of the French nation (the Third Estate) during the meeting of the Estates-General (traditional assembly) at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Interpreting this as a hostile move by King Louis XVI and his ministers, the National Assembly proceeded to the nearest available space, one of Versailles’ indoor tennis courts. Gathering on the floor of this court, the 577 deputies took an oath, hastily written by Emmanuel Sieyès and administered by Jean-Sylvain Bailly. Together, they pledged to remain assembled until a new national constitution had been drafted and implemented.
How did the meeting of the Estates General lead to the Tennis Court Oath? Finding themselves locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles on June 20 and thinking that the king was forcing them to disband, they moved to a nearby indoor tennis court (salle du jeu de paume). There they took an oath never to separate until a written ...
Third Estate makes Tennis Court Oath. In Versailles, France, the deputies of the Third Estate, which represent commoners and the lower clergy, meet on the Jeu de Paume, an indoor tennis court, in ...
Jacques-Louis David, The Tennis Court Oath (1791), Musée National du Château, Versailles . Image source: CGFA.
The Tennis Court Oath was a pledge that was signed in the early days of the French Revolution and was an important revolutionary act that displayed the belief that political authority came from the nation’s people and not from the monarchy. The pledge takes its name from the place where it was signed.
The Tennis Court Oath , French deputies taking the oath / Aquatint by Janinet, June 20 France, French Revolution of 1789, Paris, Carnavalet Museum. French Revolution, Jean Sylvain Bailly was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French...
Due to its importance, the historians they interested in the subject. Tennis Court Event is one of the steps for the French Revolution. Because, with this oath; people aimed to consist the new constitution. The leader institution of this movement is the Third Estate of the France.
Lawyer and Orator who became one of the most famous leaders of the Revolution. Was first known for leading the Tennis Court Oath.